On June 26, 2017 the Supreme Court of the United States issued an order agreeing to review the decisions of the Fourth Circuit and Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals. Both of these courts had issued nation-wide orders blocking the Trump travel ban for nationals of Iran, Syria, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, and Yeman. The decision to review the cases was expected given the importance of these cases. In addition, the Supreme Court left in place the restraining orders blocking enforcement of the travel ban in most cases. The Supreme Court ruled that the travel ban could not be enforced against anyone having a significant relationship to a U.S. person or organization. This includes relatives of U.S. citizens, employees of U.S. companies, and students attending U.S. universities. In addition, the second travel ban was already much narrower than the first travel ban. It did not extend to U.S. permanent residents, dual citizens, or persons who already had U.S. visas, among others. This was a 6-3 ruling with only the three most conservative justices voting to let the travel ban stay in place. This is a victory for the courageous immigrants and lawyers who have fought the anti-Muslim travel ban tooth and nail since the day it was first announced.
On June 29, 2017 the State Department issued a cable defining which relatives would still be protected by the court orders. This will include spouses, children, and siblings of U.S. citizens and permanent residents, as well as son and daughter in laws.